Frequently asked questions

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General questions

It is hard to imagine if you live in the Netherlands, but traditionally goat’s milk has been consumed more than cow’s milk worldwide. In other countries, goat milk has been used for a much longer time for bottle-feeding. Until a few years ago, legislation in Europe only allowed cow’s milk and soya in formula. In 2012, the European Union expanded the legislation and since then formula with goat’s milk is also available in Europe. Sometimes it just takes a little longer for the rules to change.

We make our bottle formula with organic whole goat’s milk from the Netherlands and a little further across the border. The milk must meet strict requirements before we use it in our bottle formula; this is monitored by several independent bodies. “Full-cream milk” means that we do not remove any nutrition from the milk before we process it. We do add other nutrients to our formula to make sure your little one doesn’t miss out on anything.

PLEASE NOTE, in case of cow’s milk allergy: Our formula is not an alternative for babies with a diagnosed cow’s milk allergy. There is a chance of a reaction to goat’s milk in case of a cow’s milk allergy. If your baby does not have a cow’s milk allergy, you could try follow-on formula from Pure Goat Company. Consult your doctor or child health care centre about this.

Our products are certified organic according to European standards. This means that independent bodies supervise and monitor compliance with all the rules for organic farming and the production of organic food. In the Netherlands SKAL Biocontrole ensures that all rules are followed:

The European logo for organic products on our packaging means

  • our crops are grown without chemical pesticides and that this also applies to the feed the goats are given
  • we do not use artificial fertiliser either
  • our products are free of genetically modified ingredients (thus guaranteed GMO-free)
  • our dairy goats are not given any (preventive) antibiotics, nor are they treated with growth-promoting or milk-stimulating hormones
  • the dairy goats have more space in their stalls and must also be able to go outside
  • we produce as little waste as possible and reuse it as much as possible
  • the entire production chain is kept separate from non-organic products

All formulae available in the Netherlands comply with the regulations on the quality and composition of infant formula. The law is crystal clear about what (minimum) ingredients are required, therefore as parents you do not need to worry about this. Nevertheless, there are still plenty of differences to discover.

For example, we make certain choices when it comes to the origin of our ingredients: we choose organic goat’s milk of course. In addition, we stay as close to home as possible: the organic goat’s milk comes from the Netherlands and the rest of the (organic) ingredients come from Europe. We also do not add any sugars except for organic lactose.

Based on scientific insights, we also add Organic GOS fibres and Omega-3 DHA. By the way, as of 2020, DHA must be present in all infant formula, so it’s not really that special. We do choose DHA from algae – and not extracted from tuna – and we hope that more companies will do the same.

That’s a sensitive subject. But here too, we are happy to give an honest answer.

All kinds of products are made based on goat’s milk. From goat’s cheese and yoghurt to our own formula. In order to produce goat’s milk, lambs have to be born. Only then do the goats produce milk.

The female lambs that are born also produce milk later on. But male goats are also born, called bucks. They do not contribute to the production of milk.

Needless to say, a number of bucks are needed for reproduction. But what happens to the male kids that remain?

Goat meat is not popular in our country. As a result, these bucks do not generate enough money.

However, this should not mean that these animals are poorly taken care of. Many organic goat farmers have taken measures to improve the care for the kids.

For example, the organic goat keepers have agreed that the kids that are born on their farm are not sent to a fattening farm. The animals remain on the farm itself for at least three weeks. Naturally, the animals are well cared for there.

After this period of at least 21 days, they are well able to cope with the transport to the slaughterhouse or export destination (countries such as Spain, Portugal, France and Italy)*. Nevertheless, the fate of these kids remains sad.

* According to the law, the male kids can be taken to the slaughterhouse when they are at least a week old.

Product-specific questions

We produce our formula with full-fat organic goat’s milk. This ensures a mild and creamy taste compared to formula made from defatted (skimmed) milk. Goat’s milk naturally has a slightly different taste than cow’s milk, and yet we do not think that our formula tastes like goat at all. Not that your little one would mind if it did, but yes, we are of course biased. Try it yourself!

GOS stands for Galacto-OligoSaccharides. These are chains of carbohydrates that have been added to many non-organic infant formulae for some time. Much research has been done concerning these fibres. Recently, Organic GOS has also been produced (i.e. from organic milk) and we are one of the first to add it.

DHA stands for “DocosaHexaenoic Acid”. This is a so-called omega-3 fatty acid. DHA supports the normal development of vision in infants up to the age of 12 months*. To prevent your child from getting too little nutrients when you (of necessity) switch to bottle-feeding, we add DHA.

We add algae powder to our infant formula 1 and follow-on milks 2 and 3. That is powder made from algae rich in DHA.

Since 2020, it has been compulsory to add DHA to formula and it is included in all brands of formula. Unfortunately, most brands choose tuna as the source of DHA and not algae. Why we regret this, you can read below.

* EFSA NDA Panel (EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies), 2014. Scientific Opinion on the essential composition of infant and follow-on formulae. EFSA Journal 2014;12(7):3760, 106 pp.

As of 2020, it will be mandatory to add omega-3 DHA to infant formula and follow-on formula. Tuna oil is usually added; this is then listed on the back of the can as “fish oil”. Tuna are relatively rich in DHA, because they eat other fish that have eaten algae. Most tuna originates from the tropics and in many cases the catch is associated with illegal fishing, overfishing and violation of the human rights of the workers on the fishing vessels. Just take a look at the Greenpeace website, and Seafirst Now, people are working hard to catch tuna more sustainably, but finding sustainable tuna oil is still quite difficult.

We believe you should stay away from tuna. And you can easily do that by just adding the source of DHA: algae.

Our formula (Pure Goat Company’s stage 1, 2 and 3) contains lactose. Lactose is also called milk sugar. This is good, because babies need a lot of energy. Apart from that, there are no other sugars in our formula; i.e. no glucose or maltodextrin. Maltodextrin is made from potatoes or corn and glucose is made from sugar beet, for example. For this reason, they are cheap and are still sometimes used in formula.

Palm oil is mainly produced in Asia and then shipped to Europe. The vast majority of palm oil is produced in an unsustainable manner, at the expense of the environment and rainforest (see, for example, the website of the World Wildlife Fund or Greenpeace We could, of course, have opted for sustainable palm oil – yes, this exists and there is a very good international initiative for this (have a look at But we didn’t.
Now you’re probably wondering, why is there palm oil in formula anyway? Well, because palm oil is very cheap.

We also do not use soy oil from Brazil or coconut oil from Asia. Why should we import vegetable oil from all over the world, when we have excellent ingredients ourselves? Rapeseed oil and sunflower oil are made in Europe.

Pure Goat Company’s complete infant formula 1 is suitable for babies from birth up to 6 months old. The name already says it all: complete infant formula. The composition is specially tailored to the needs of very young children. That means, for example, that it contains extra choline, inositol and L-carnitine. Newborn babies do not yet produce enough choline, so it must be added to infant formula.

Inositol used to be called vitamin B8. Like choline, babies do not yet produce enough inositol. For older children, the addition of inositol is no longer necessary; therefore we do not include it in our follow-on milk.

Newborn babies also do not produce enough L-carnitine. Goat milk contains a small amount of L-carnitine. To make sure your little one gets enough, we’ve added extra L-carnitine to our infant formula 1. For older children, the addition is no longer necessary and is therefore not included in follow-on milk 2 or follow-on milk 3.

In addition, Pure Goat Company’s follow-on milks 2 and 3 contain more calcium and iron than the complete infant milk 1. Most importantly, follow-on milk 3 contains more protein than follow-on milk 2.

Switching from Pure Goat Company’s follow-on milk 2 to follow-on milk 3 a little earlier or later is no problem. The age indicated on the packaging therefore overlaps to some extent. Follow-on milk (and this applies to both 2 and 3) is, however, not suitable for babies younger than 6 months. Until then, they are still completely dependent on what they drink, be it breast milk or formula. Follow-on milks 2 and 3 are tailored to the needs of older babies as part of a varied diet.

No, there is no cow’s milk in our products. But that is perhaps a little too strict; the GOS fibres are in fact derived from organic cow’s milk. The production of organic cow’s milk meets the same strict requirements for sustainability and quality.

To be on the safe side, our formula (and that applies to all formulae containing goat’s milk) is not suitable for children with a medically established cow’s milk allergy. The proteins in (organic) goat’s milk can cause an immune reaction. This is independent of the origin of the (organic) GOS.


Baby food based on goat’s milk is not suitable for babies/children with a medically established cow’s milk allergy. Once allergic to the proteins in cow’s milk, your child may also react to goat’s milk.
Cow’s milk allergy in itself is not very common and can usually be recognised by symptoms, such as skin complaints (itching, eczema, lumps), stomach and intestinal complaints, but also respiratory complaints. If you are unable to breastfeed, special formula is available for babies with a cow’s milk allergy. Your doctor or child health care centre can tell you more about this.

Our bottle formula (Pure Goat Company’s stage 1, 2 and 3) contains lactose (milk sugar). Therefore, our products are not suitable for babies/children with established lactose intolerance. Fortunately, lactose intolerance in babies is very rare. It is much more likely that bowel problems are caused by something other than lactose intolerance. Or maybe it’s intestinal cramps that are part of a baby’s growth and development; a lot changes in a very short time. If there is no evidence of a cow’s milk allergy, you can try follow-on milk based on goat’s milk. Be sure to check with your doctor or child health care centre first.

This question actually implies that formula with cow’s milk causes mucus production. Despite frequent claims to the contrary, there is no such link. Studies have shown that drinking cow’s milk does not increase the production of mucus and does not lead to asthmatic symptoms*. However, the combination with milk can cause slightly thicker saliva. It is therefore not plausible that bottle formula with goat’s milk would lead to less mucus than bottle formula with cow’s milk.

However, there are a few exceptions. Children with a cow’s milk allergy may experience extra mucus production and/or asthmatic symptoms. Goat’s milk is no alternative for children with an established cow milk allergy. Consult your doctor or consultation bureau if you are considering trying follow-on milk with goat’s milk, for instance.

* Wüthrich & colleagues (2005). Milk consumption does not lead to mucus production or occurrence of asthma. Am Coll Nutr 24:547S-55S.
Thiara G & colleague (2012). Milk consumption and mucus production in children with asthma. Can Fam Physician 58(2):165-166.

Preparing bottle feeding

The exact amount you should give depends on several things. On our packaging you will find the average guidelines, according to the weight or age of your child. Important: Breastfeeding is simply the best nutrition for your baby. Before you decide to bottle feed, we recommend that you discuss this with your doctor or nutritionist. They can tell you exactly how to start and how much you should give. Sometimes this is a combination of breastfeeding and supplementary bottle-feeding, or bottle-feeding only. Not many babies are completely “average”, so deviations from the guidelines on our packaging may be necessary. Also, there is no need to worry if a bottle is not completely emptied from time to time.

Feeding chart Pure Goat Company’s infant formula 1 for 0-6 months.

Infants’ weight# Feeds per 24 hPrepared formula (ml)Amount of water (ml)# Scoops*
< 3 kg6-765602
3 – 3,5 kg5-6100903
3,5 – 4 kg4-51301204
4 – 5 kg4-51651505
> 5 kg4-52001806

Complete infant milk is for babies from 0-6 months old. The feeding schedule for infant formula is based on your baby’s weight.

When your baby is 6 months old, you can switch to Follow-on milk 2. By then, your baby will have started eating fruit and vegetable snacks and occasionally some other things. The guidelines are therefore somewhat less strict based on your child’s weight.

Follow-on milk 3 is suitable from the age of 10 months, as part of a varied diet with enough solid food.

Feeding chart Pure Goat Company’s follow-on formula 2 for 6-12 months.

Infants’ age (months)# Feeds per 24 hPrepared formula (ml)Amount of water (ml)# Scoops*
6 – 842001806
> 832001806

Follow-on milk 3 is suitable from the age of 10 months, as part of a varied diet with enough solid food.

Feeding chart Pure Goat Company’s follow-on formula 3 for 10+ months.

Infants’ age (months)# Feeds per 24 hPrepared formula (ml)Amount of water (ml)# Scoops*
10 – 122 – 32001806
> 1222001806

* Our scoops contain just the right amount of powder therefore it is important to only use our scoop that is delivered with the formula.

The best way to prepare our formula is to follow these steps:

  1. Needless to say, the bottles and teats must first be thoroughly cleaned by sterilising them in a pan of boiling water for about 5 minutes. Make sure everything else is clean as well and wash your hands with warm water and soap.
  2. Boil (tap) water and let it cool to approximately 40°C. Then put the required amount of water in the bottle.
  3. Add the correct number of level scoops of powder to the water in the bottle. You can use the edge of the lid to smooth out the scoop.
  4. Turn the cap with the teat on the bottle and shake or swirl until all the powder is dissolved. Do not shake too hard, as you may get too much foam, which is not easy to drink.
  5. Always check the temperature of the milk on the inside of your wrist.
  6. Good luck!

Important: Use the prepared formula within 1 hour. Always throw away any leftovers immediately. Do not reheat. Improper preparation and storage can cause health risks, especially for the smallest ones.

In the Netherlands, tap water is generally of excellent quality and there is no reason to use, for example, mineral water for preparing formula. Just let the tap run and you have good water straight from the tap. And, of course, we recommend boiling water before using it for bottle-feeding. This is mostly precautionary actually.

No good tap water at hand? Mineral water is also fine, but make sure it is not carbonated and do not use mineral water with extra minerals. It is often stated on the bottle.

It is better not to reheat our bottle formula in the microwave. The disadvantage of the microwave is that the bottle does not heat up evenly and there is a good chance that the formula will become too hot. This is not good for the quality that we have worked so hard to achieve.

We do not recommend reheating cooled formula, as freshly prepared formula is simply better: a bottle must be drunk within an hour, otherwise it is better to throw it away and start again.

You can, of course, boil the water in the microwave beforehand. And then allow the water to cool to around 40°C before adding our powder.

Once the formula has been prepared, it should be drunk within an hour. After that, you better throw it away and start over. Reheating is not a good idea and we also advise against preparing bottles in advance and putting them in the fridge.

Freshly made formula is best. We do our utmost to ensure the highest possible quality and leaving it for more than an hour and/or reheating is not advisable. Improper preparation and storage can cause health risks, especially for the smallest ones.

The spoons are often made specifically for a particular formula. That is why there is a separate scoop in each tin. If you use a different scoop, you may add a little too much or too little powder. Now, that is not necessarily a problem – and it is always better than using a ladle – but it is not recommended. Therefore, always use the scoop from the tin.

If by accident there is no scoop in one of our tins, please let us know at

Our powders are packed airtight and in a protective environment in tins and therefore have a long shelf life. Once opened, oxygen and moisture reach the powder. Do not store an opened tin for too long; we recommend using our powders for a maximum of 3 weeks after opening. This does not mean that it will spoil immediately, but after that we can no longer guarantee that it will meet our quality standards. Always store our formula tin with the plastic lid properly closed, at a low humidity level and not over 20 degrees – and certainly not in the fridge.

Do you have another question?